Three aims of the Inter-Divisional Teaching Commission (IDTC) of the International Union for the History and Philosophy of Science (IUHPS) are:

First, a disciplinary aim: to assist in the better and more informed teaching of history of science and philosophy of science as subjects in universities, and in high schools where appropriate.

Second, an applied aim: to promote the utilisation of history and philosophy of science in university and school science and humanities courses, and especially in programmes for the preparation of science teachers.

Third a cultural aim: to show that the history and philosophy of science can contribute positively to a better understanding and perhaps resolution of some of the major issues of contemporary cultural and intellectual conflict involving multiculturalism, globalization, modernization, and supposed science and religion conflicts.